Basically, in-home care can be medical or socio-medical and is provided to seniors who wish to age in place for as long as it is possible. Being at home, in their usual life environment is presented as a viable alternative to moving in a facility that provides permanent care; this is why there is a general awareness on the necessity of finding a global response to seniors’ needs, especially that the entire population is confronted with an aging tendency.
The four basic requirements of in-home care
- Specialists – qualified, trained and experienced professionals
- Adequate working environment – which situates the in-home care in specified limits: time, place, status, working contract, ethics.
- Personalization – people have different situations and lifestyles and this is why services must be personalized according to demands from patients, their families or social workers
- A guarantee of the quality and reliability of the services provided
The advantages of in-home care
- In-home care allows families to remain united, preventing ruptures and allowing seniors to keep living in their homes, surrounded by everything that is familiar to them
- Many seniors prefer to receive care while living comfortably in a family environment, rather than in permanent care facilities. This option can bring many positive results, slowing down the process of psycho-somatic degradation
- In-home care promotes quicker recovery. Even if it is just for a few days, hospitalization can be traumatizing, but these negative consequences, as well as the overall costs can be reduced by using the home care option
- Local authorities are forced to become more and more involved in finding ways to increase the quality of life of the senior population
- Other people and the local communities also become more and more aware of the importance of in-home care and thus the provided services will continue to develop.
In-home care can be provided during a limited number of hours per day or constantly, depending of the patient’s needs. Often 24 hour in-home care is the best option for those that are truly struggling with their activities of daily living. Caregivers will provide the necessary help with the household and the lifestyle, thus providing support for the elderly and allowing other family members to have more free time:
- Preparing meals, shopping, doing housework, cleaning and maintaining a healthy indoor environment, taking care of pets and plants, doing the laundry etc.
- Establishing daily routines, providing assistance with regular activities
- Providing companionship: making conversations, social contact, assisting seniors in various activities
- Providing medical assistance: administrating medication, applying bandages, giving insulin shots, checking the level of glucose in the blood using test strips
- Making appointments
- Providing help with maintaining personal hygiene, dressing/ undressing, eating and drinking, walking etc.
The caregiver will carry out these activities according to the law and the contract signed with the assisted person or family members/ authorized representatives. The services required may be different from case to case, depending on the patient’s condition and the instructions given by a medical doctor.
In-home care honors a senior’s independence and dignity, which is the most important psychological factor to consider, as well as keeping the whole family more at ease. Assisted people can keep living according to their own rules instead of being subject to the regulation or a permanent care facility.